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Adjective or Relative clauses

Adjective clause is a dependent clause that function like an adjective. Desciptive menthod is used by describing adjective clause based on the function, types, introductory word and form. The result of analysis show that the function of adjective clause in this article mostly modify a noun; the type of adjective clause mostly are essential and the most common introductory words of adjective clause are who, which, and that.

As we've seen (in Subordination with Adjective Clauses), an adjective clause is a group of words that works like an adjective to modify a noun. Here we'll focus on the  relative pronouns that are used in adjective clauses. An adjective clause usually begins with a relative pronoun: a word that relates the information in the adjective clause to a word or a phrase in the main clause.

The most common adjective clauses begin with one of these relative pronouns: who, which, and that. All three pronouns refer to a noun, but who refers only to people and which refers only to things. That may refer to either people or things. Two other relative pronouns used to introduce adjective clauses are whose (the possessive form of who) and whom (the object form of who). Whose begins an adjective clause that describes something that belongs to or is a part of someone or something mentioned in the main clause:

The relative pronouns in English are which, that, who, whom, and whose. Who and whom refer only to people. Which refers to things, qualities, and ideas--never to people. That and whose refer to people, things, qualities, and ideas.

The adjective clause will follow one of these two patterns:


Here are some examples:

•           Whose big, brown eyes pleaded for another cookie
Whose  = Relative pronoun; eyes = Subject; pleated = Verb

•           Why fred cannot stand sitting across from his sister Melanie
Why = Relative adverb; Fred = Subject; can stand = Verb [not, an adverb, is not officially part of the verb].

•           That bounced across the kitchen floor
That = Relative pronoun functioning as subject; bounced = Verb

•           Who hiccupped for seven hours afterward
Who = Relative pronoun functioning as subject; hiccupped = Verb

Examples of adjective clause :

1.         -The building is new
-He works in the building
The building Where he works is new

2.         -The girl is excited
-Her mother won the lottery
The girl whose mother won the lottery is excited.

3.         -The man is happy
-I found the man’s wallet
The man whose wallet I found is happy

4.         -I will never forget the day
- I graduated on that day
I will never forget the day when I graduated

Example a part of article containing the adjective clause (underline) :

Far away in an isolated village there was a young rich woman. The house that she had been living in was very big. Her wealth was plentiful. The young woman lived by herself. She didn’t have any friend at all.
“Wouw, I am very rich! Ha…ha…ha, I am the richest woman in this village!” said the young woman while she was looking at her gold and jewelries. It was so pity, that the young woman was very miserly. Her plentiful wealth never been used to help others.
“All of the wealth is mine, isn’t it? So what am I give it all to other for?” The young woman thought. However, many of villagers were poor. They lived in less condition. Sometimes some villagers were hunger, and didn’t get any food for days.
Because of the young woman miserly, the villagers called her Bagenda Endit. Bagenda Endit meant the miserly rich person. “Bagenda Endit, have mercy on me! My child has not eaten for few days”, said an old woman sadly.
“Hi, you crazy old woman! Get away from me!” yelled Bagenda Endit threw the old woman away. Because the old woman didn’t want to go, Bagenda Endit splashed her with water. Splash!, and all over the old woman body and her baby became wet.
Bagenda Endit was a feeling less woman. She didn’t even have a little bit mercy to the old woman and her baby. She even got more angry. After that, she asked the old woman to get out of her house yard. And then, she was dragging her out of the yard.
Although Bagenda Endit was very miserly, the village people kept coming in. The came for the water wheel. “No, I won’t let you to take away the water from my wheel! The water in the wheel is mine!” Bagenda Endit yelled angrily.
“Ha…ha…ha…you’re all stupid! You think you just can take the water from my wheel!” Bagenda Endit said while she was watching the thirst villagers outside the fence. Suddenly, a decrepit man was standing in Bagenda Endit house yard. He was walking tottery to the wheel while holding his stick.
When the old man was trying to take the water, Bagenda Endit saw it. Then, she hit the old man with a founder. “Have mercy on me Bagenda Endit! I want to take the water just for a drink”, said the old man when he was trying to get up.
Bagenda Endit kept beating the old man. And then, an astonishing thing happened. Suddenly the old man got up with a healthy body. He walked closer to Bagenda Endit. He pointed his stick at the cruel rich woman’s nose.
“Hi, Bagenda Endit, take the punishment from me!” said the old man loudly. Then he pointed at the wheel with his stick. Wus…byuur, the wheel was sprinkling the water swiftly. Not long enough, the water was flooding up. Bagenda Endit couldn’t save herself. She drawn with all of her wealth.
The village was disappeared. The thing that left was a wide and deep lake. The lake was named Situ Bagendit. Situ means a wide lake. It was named Situ Bagendit, because the wide lake came from a wheel that belongs to Bagenda Endit

Excercises :

·         A : I talked to the woman she was sitting net to me
B : I talked to the woman who was sitting net to me

·         A : I have a class it begins at 08.00 AM
B : I have a class which begins at 08.00 AM

·         A : The man called the police his car was stolen
B : The man whose car was stolen called the police

·         A : The building is very old he lives there
B : The building where he lives is very old

·         A : The woman was Ms.Silvy I saw her
B :  The woman whom I saw was Ms.Silvy

Reference :      http://jurnal.unikom.ac.id/jurnal/the-use-of-adjective-clause.29

The Princess and the Pea

Once upon a time there was a prince who wanted to marry a princess; but she would have to be a real princess. He travelled all over the world to find one, but nowhere could he get what he wanted. There were princesses enough, but it was difficult to find out whether they were real ones. There was always something about them that was not as it should be. So he came home again and was sad, for he would have liked very much to have a real princess.

One evening a terrible storm came on; there was thunder and lightning, and the rain poured down in torrents. Suddenly a knocking was heard at the city gate, and the old king went to open it.

It was a princess standing out there in front of the gate. But, good gracious! what a sight the rain and the wind had made her look. The water ran down from her hair and clothes; it ran down into the toes of her shoes and out again at the heels. And yet she said that she was a real princess.

Well, we'll soon find that out, thought the old queen. But she said nothing, went into the bed-room, took all the bedding off the bedstead, and laid a pea on the bottom; then she took twenty mattresses and laid them on the pea, and then twenty eider-down beds on top of the mattresses.

On this the princess had to lie all night. In the morning she was asked how she had slept.

"Oh, very badly!" said she. "I have scarcely closed my eyes all night. Heaven only knows what was in the bed, but I was lying on something hard, so that I am black and blue all over my body. It's horrible!"

Now they knew that she was a real princess because she had felt the pea right through the twenty mattresses and the twenty eider-down beds.

Nobody but a real princess could be as sensitive as that.

So the prince took her for his wife, for now he knew that he had a real princess; and the pea was put in the museum, where it may still be seen, if no one has stolen it.

The Greek Sea Sight

Martina Lourdez, usually on call Lourdes this woman is a beautiful woman from England. However, she was not young anymore she was 42 years. She lives in Liverpool, the city where he was born.

One summer, his best friend, Mary-shen invited him to go to a vacation in Greece. She never went to Greece, he wanted to know about the country, so he decided to join the-shane Marry in Holiday.

n Greece they were staying at a hotel near the beach. There, they were greeted by a man named Aaeroniz friendly. He is the manager of the hotel. One night Martina Lourdes went to the bar to drink some, he found Aeroniz stand there and they start a conversation.

“You know, I have a boat located near the beach. Actually it belongs to my brother, but if you prefer, we can go for a trip tomorrow. What do you think?” The man said to him.

“Wow, it would be nice,” she accepted the invitation and she went with him the next day. They enjoyed their trip very much, especially Lourdes who had sailed with the boat.

Actually, Lourdes like Greek scenery, so after the first trip, he came out with the manager of the hotel every day. As usual they swim, sunbathe and spend more time together at sea. They really enjoyed it.

End holidays come, Lourdes had to go back. He was in the airport already but, suddenly, he decided not to return to Liverpool, his home town. He thought, he wanted to stay in Greece. Then, this girl left the airport and directly back to the hotel where Aroniz as manager.

When he arrived he saw Aeronis at the bar with a woman and she decided to hear their conversation.

“Do you want to go for a boat ride my brother?” The word Aeronis invite her. But Lourdes is not concerned about it and he came close to them.

Aeronis Lourdes was surprised when he found standing beside him and the woman. He was very surprised, she smiled at him he gets. Aeronis think Lourdes will be angry with him but, he just said that the purpose that he was looking for a job at the hotel.

Lourdes was not angry when he knew the fact that it Aeronis playboy, because he does not fall in love with him but, he fell in love with Greece and sea views.


Every country has its great men and women who are remembered for what they have done for their country. One of the Indonesia’s great men is Dr. Mohammad Hatta. He was a man with a deep love of this country and his people.

Dr. Mohammad Hatta was born in Bukit Tinggi on 12th August 1902. While still in junior High School in Bukit Tinggi he became interested in politics and joined the league of Young Sumatrans.

He left Bukit Tinggi to study in Batavia. Then he went to the Netherlands, where he studied economics and gained a doctorate. During his stay there he was active in the Nationalist Movement. Because of his activities he was arrested. At his trial he presented a brilliant defense and was acquitted.

In 1932 Hatta returned to Indonesia. He joined a political organization called “Pendidikan Nasional Indonesia”. One of its goals was to develop political awareness among the Indonesian people. His activities again led to his arrest. The colonial government exiled him to Boven Digul and later to Banda Neira. Shortly before Japanese invasion he was brought back to Java.

When the Japanese surrendered in August 1945, Soekarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesia’s Independence. Hatta became the first Vice Prisident of the Republic of Indonesia. In 1956 Hatta resigned as vice President, and devoted himself to writing. On 14th March, 1981 Dr. Mohammad Hatta. Died in Jakarta. But people will always remember him as a great statesman of Indonesia.

The Indonesian Archipelago

The Indonesian Archipelago is the largest group of island in the world. It extends between two continents, Asia and Australia. It also lies between two oceans the Samudera Indonesia and the Pasific Ocean.
Indonesia’s 13,667 islands stretch 5,120 kilometres from esat to west and 1,770 kilometres from north to south. The five main islands are sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Irian Jaya (Papua).

Indonesia has a land area of 1,904,345 square kilometers. More than half of it is forested land and a large part is mountainous, with 15 of the mountains are still volcanically active. One of history’s greatest volcanic eruptions, which killed thousands of people, occurred in 1883 on the island of Krakatau, which lies between Java and Sumatera.

Indonesia is one of the most populous countries in the world. Its total population is 160 milion. More than 60% of the population live on the island of Java. The Indonesian population consists of more than 300 ethnic group which speak 500 different languages, but more of them understand the national language, Bahasa Indonesia. 

The Indonesian Government’s campaign to  popularize Bahasa Indonesia at present can be seen through signs in public places and various which say ‘Use good Bahasa Indonesia correctly’. Indonesia’s moto offices Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, which means Unity in Diversity, symbolizes the unity of the people in spite of their ethnic and cultural origins.

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