Adjective clause is a dependent clause that function like an adjective. Desciptive menthod is used by describing adjective clause based on the function, types, introductory word and form. The result of analysis show that the function of adjective clause in this article mostly modify a noun; the type of adjective clause mostly are essential and the most common introductory words of adjective clause are who, which, and that.
As we've seen (in Subordination with Adjective Clauses), an adjective clause is a group of words that works like an adjective to modify a noun. Here we'll focus on the relative pronouns that are used in adjective clauses. An adjective clause usually begins with a relative pronoun: a word that relates the information in the adjective clause to a word or a phrase in the main clause.
The most common adjective clauses begin with one of these relative pronouns: who, which, and that. All three pronouns refer to a noun, but who refers only to people and which refers only to things. That may refer to either people or things. Two other relative pronouns used to introduce adjective clauses are whose (the possessive form of who) and whom (the object form of who). Whose begins an adjective clause that describes something that belongs to or is a part of someone or something mentioned in the main clause:
The relative pronouns in English are which, that, who, whom, and whose. Who and whom refer only to people. Which refers to things, qualities, and ideas--never to people. That and whose refer to people, things, qualities, and ideas.
The adjective clause will follow one of these two patterns:
RELATIVE PRONOUN OR ADVERB + SUBJECT + VERB
RELATIVE PRONOUN AS SUBJECT + VERB
Here are some examples:
• Whose big, brown eyes pleaded for another cookie
Whose = Relative pronoun; eyes = Subject; pleated = Verb
• Why fred cannot stand sitting across from his sister Melanie
Why = Relative adverb; Fred = Subject; can stand = Verb [not, an adverb, is not officially part of the verb].
• That bounced across the kitchen floor
That = Relative pronoun functioning as subject; bounced = Verb
• Who hiccupped for seven hours afterward
Who = Relative pronoun functioning as subject; hiccupped = Verb
Examples of adjective clause :
1. -The building is new
-He works in the building
The building Where he works is new
2. -The girl is excited
-Her mother won the lottery
The girl whose mother won the lottery is excited.
3. -The man is happy
-I found the man’s wallet
The man whose wallet I found is happy
4. -I will never forget the day
- I graduated on that day
I will never forget the day when I graduated
Example a part of article containing the adjective clause (underline) :
Far away in an isolated village there was a young rich woman. The house that she had been living in was very big. Her wealth was plentiful. The young woman lived by herself. She didn’t have any friend at all.
“Wouw, I am very rich! Ha…ha…ha, I am the richest woman in this village!” said the young woman while she was looking at her gold and jewelries. It was so pity, that the young woman was very miserly. Her plentiful wealth never been used to help others.
“All of the wealth is mine, isn’t it? So what am I give it all to other for?” The young woman thought. However, many of villagers were poor. They lived in less condition. Sometimes some villagers were hunger, and didn’t get any food for days.
Because of the young woman miserly, the villagers called her Bagenda Endit. Bagenda Endit meant the miserly rich person. “Bagenda Endit, have mercy on me! My child has not eaten for few days”, said an old woman sadly.
“Hi, you crazy old woman! Get away from me!” yelled Bagenda Endit threw the old woman away. Because the old woman didn’t want to go, Bagenda Endit splashed her with water. Splash!, and all over the old woman body and her baby became wet.
Bagenda Endit was a feeling less woman. She didn’t even have a little bit mercy to the old woman and her baby. She even got more angry. After that, she asked the old woman to get out of her house yard. And then, she was dragging her out of the yard.
Although Bagenda Endit was very miserly, the village people kept coming in. The came for the water wheel. “No, I won’t let you to take away the water from my wheel! The water in the wheel is mine!” Bagenda Endit yelled angrily.
“Ha…ha…ha…you’re all stupid! You think you just can take the water from my wheel!” Bagenda Endit said while she was watching the thirst villagers outside the fence. Suddenly, a decrepit man was standing in Bagenda Endit house yard. He was walking tottery to the wheel while holding his stick.
When the old man was trying to take the water, Bagenda Endit saw it. Then, she hit the old man with a founder. “Have mercy on me Bagenda Endit! I want to take the water just for a drink”, said the old man when he was trying to get up.
Bagenda Endit kept beating the old man. And then, an astonishing thing happened. Suddenly the old man got up with a healthy body. He walked closer to Bagenda Endit. He pointed his stick at the cruel rich woman’s nose.
“Hi, Bagenda Endit, take the punishment from me!” said the old man loudly. Then he pointed at the wheel with his stick. Wus…byuur, the wheel was sprinkling the water swiftly. Not long enough, the water was flooding up. Bagenda Endit couldn’t save herself. She drawn with all of her wealth.
The village was disappeared. The thing that left was a wide and deep lake. The lake was named Situ Bagendit. Situ means a wide lake. It was named Situ Bagendit, because the wide lake came from a wheel that belongs to Bagenda Endit
· A : I talked to the woman she was sitting net to me
B : I talked to the woman who was sitting net to me
· A : I have a class it begins at 08.00 AM
B : I have a class which begins at 08.00 AM
· A : The man called the police his car was stolen
B : The man whose car was stolen called the police
· A : The building is very old he lives there
B : The building where he lives is very old
· A : The woman was Ms.Silvy I saw her
B : The woman whom I saw was Ms.Silvy
Reference : http://jurnal.unikom.ac.id/jurnal/the-use-of-adjective-clause.29